Welcome to visit Sigiriya Rock, and we hope to give you a brief overview of the important places and Sigiriya Map layout here so that this trip can be more than just another trip that adds meaning and value.

Overview of Sigiriya Rock Layout

The plan of Sigiriya Rock and its various locations are named in the plan. The following is an introduction to the designated locations and Sigiriya map layout

Places to visit

1 Outer Rampart2 Outer Moat3 Middle Rampart
4 Inner Moat5 Inner Rampart6 Western Entrance
7 Southern Entrance8 Northern Entrance9 Water Garden No 1
10 Ambagaspitiya Inscription11 Ancient Plaster12 Water Garden No 2
13 Southern Summer Place14 Water Garden No 315 Octagonal Pond
16 Inner City Wall17 Boulder Garden18 Stupa
19 Image Cave20 Bodhi-tree Shrine21 Deraniyagala Cave
22 Cobra-Hood Cave23 Boulder Arch No 224 Asana Cave
25 Audience Hall26 Plaster with Graffiti27 Boulder Arch No 1
28 Ancient Pathway29 Terraced Garden30 Mirror Wall
31 Painting32 Lion’s Paw33 Lion’s Paw Terrace
34 Palace35 Palace Complex36 Thorne
37 Petangala38 Miniature Water Garden39 Preaching Rock
40 Cistern41Count Yard42 Prison Rock
43 Mapagala

Sigiriya Architecture

Anthropologists and archaeologists believe that the ancient Sigiriya materialism is one of the highest in the world. They point out that there are two main areas of output here. The first is the concern about security. The second is the specialization of artistry.

In addition, many scientists around the world have acknowledged that Sigiriya occupies an excellent place in comparison to the architectural concepts created by ancient world cities.

There are several differences in the design of Sigiriya compared to other Sri Lankan city designs. Safety has always been a priority here the palace is located in the center of the city complex. It further appears that the fort, which was a fort, was built without thinking that it would protect it.

Here, it is clear that the center of the rock, which is in a north-south orientation, is taken as the midpoint and the city is formed linearly so that the north-south and entrance and many of the artworks are oriented westward.

Notable features of the city include gates. Fences and moats and caves what make it special is the types of stones used to create them and how they are made and the way they are made by building environmental connections.

How the doors are designed

There are four gates to enter Sigiriya. Of these, the west gate occupies a prominent place. Scientists believe that the west may have been the main entrance because all the creation in the rock are oriented west. Another reasons for this view is that there is access to the western inlet moat. The other thing is that, this door is more aesthetically pleasing than any other door.
         The other main entrance are the north facing gate towards Pidurangala and the south-Facing gate. These two gates look very similar. The most beautiful and glorious of all these gates was the lion gate to climb the rock. Scientists speculate that the head of this lion gate may have been destroyed.
                               Analyzing all these facts, it is clear that in the design of the Sigiriya fortress and the city, the gates were designed in such a way as to increase security, taking into account many factors.

Design of Walls and Moats

There were two moats and three walls mainly around the city of Sigiriya. The shortest wall found at the beginning is called the outer wall. The outer wall is a massive earthen structure about 130 feet wide and nearly 6mils long. The widest moat that comes with it is called the outer moat. The outer moat is about 175 feet wide and 13 feet deep. The plain area is found after the outer moat, followed by a narrow but deep moat, with a rampart including a higher one.

Sigiriya water Technology
Outer Moat

Scientists believe that the outer wall was made of mud, the middle wall made of brick and the inner wall made of stone at the end.

Another special feature of this place is that the eastern walls are twice the distance from the center of Sigiriya to the western walls. However, the fact that the eastern walls are not as systematic and beautiful as the western walls is still an unresolved issue.

Cave design

Among the Sgiriya creations, the first is the cave design. Some of the caves are said to be more than 5000 years old. However, many drip-lined caves dating back more than two or three hundred years to the King Kashyapa period have also been found. In particular, dripstones can be seen only in the caves to the west of Sigiriya rock. The most famous of this cave is the Naipena cave (Cobra Hood Cave).

Cobra Hood Cave
Cobra Hood Cave

Types of Stones used and How they are Used

One of the main features of Sigiriya obstetrics and Gynecology is that it has been used in a wide variety of designs for the world. The dripping on the rocks here is considered to be the oldest knows use of stone. There are also unbelievable dripstones on the Sigiriya rock that could have been made in such a distant time. It is about 1200feet high from the ground, and 160 feet wide from the top of the rock, with a straight cut across the western and northern halves.

Black stone has been used extensively for ditches, ramparts and columns In addition, you can see the construction of ponds, stone seats, pavilions, etc.

Limestone is a type of stone that contributes to Sigiriya architecture after granite. Limestone has been used extensively for watchtowers, rafters, water lilies, drainage systems and the surface of buildings.

Brick is the main type of stone used in the construction of Sigiriya from a small comb wall to a large wall. Brick have been used to create much of Sigiriya. Scientists believe that millions of bricks may have been used to complete the palace complex on top of the Sigiriya Rock, and it is difficult to imagine how such a large mass of bricks could have been carried to the top of rock as high as 660 feet.

Hundreds of thousands more bricks may have been used to create the mirror wall on the western slope after the upper palace complex, and to create the entire lion statue, which now has only two legs left. Brick has also been used extensively in the design of ponds, housed and other city building.